Ahead of tying the brand new sender, for every chicken try old (juvenile otherwise adult), sexed and considered
Growing real administration guidelines, info is needed on the environment choice and you may family range measurements of turkeys during the its north assortment periphery. The original objective in our study would be to imagine the brand new mean seasonal and you may annual home range size of people turkeys at species’ north diversity border. We hypothesized you to definitely home diversity proportions will be most useful on spring season while females want an excellent nesting web site, and also the minuscule regarding winter season and you will june. We also hypothesized that family variety size at the species’ northern variety was bigger than those said on the southern due in order to smaller eating access and habitat quality. Another mission of our own studies was to have a look at regular habitat options from the women crazy turkeys. I examined habitat solutions from inside the a good hierarchical trend, playing with Johnson’s (1980) 2nd and you may 3rd commands from choice through the each one of the five annual seasons. I hypothesized that environment possibilities perform change involving the seasons, having turkeys mostly looking deciduous and combined woods, but seeking unlock environment when you find yourself brood-rearing during the summer. The final purpose would be to determine if or not supplemental dinner swayed wild turkey environment choice. We hypothesized one northern nuts turkeys wanted extra dinner regarding the winter; hence, we predicted you to definitely lady is discovered alongside supplemental eating supply off bird feeders and animals businesses about trip and you will winter months.
Studies urban area
We learned nuts turkey ecology from towards North Bruce Peninsula, based in Ontario, Canada (Fig. 1). The newest Bruce Peninsula include a combination of property security versions, do siberian women like to cook on the prominent security becoming coniferous forest, mixed tree, areas, and you will deciduous tree (Dining table 1). Contained in this rural neighborhood the fresh new dominating areas try farming and you can tourism. Part of the style of farming is small-scale chicken farming, and lots of people go to during summer due to a couple federal parks in your neighborhood.
Capturing and you may addressing wild turkeys
From inside the wintertime, turkeys congregate inside large flocks, where you could trap numerous birds immediately. We trapped turkeys away from within five places along the studies city. Turkeys was in fact baited having corn and you can seized playing with a rocket net (Grubb 1988). Lure stacks were established in industries close to in which turkeys had been roosting. Just after turkeys were caught up, they were taken off the web based and put into transfer packages to have holding. All of the turkeys was indeed processed on location after trapping. Whenever retrieving a chicken from its field, its ft had been safeguarded and you can a sock try put on its lead. Creature worry approval is actually provided of the Trent University’s Creature Worry Panel (method no. 22238).
I captured 53 turkeys, plus 47 women and half a dozen people. I don’t set transmitters toward one or two girls on account of feather loss on their backs. I fit forty-five girls turkeys having either a beneficial 73-grams very-high-frequency (VHF) transmitter (model A1540 Advanced Telemetry Solutions, Isanti, Minnesota) otherwise an enthusiastic 85-g small global positioning system (GPS) transmitter (model G1H 261A Sirtrack, Havelock Northern, The fresh Zealand). Thirty seven of the people turkeys was basically grownups and you will 7 have been juveniles.
Transmitters was indeed attached having fun with a beneficial back pack build funnel made from shock cord (Norman et al. 1997). The new micro GPS transmitters have been modified just before deployment of the tying neoprene with the bottom part of any equipment to eliminate chaffing (Guthrie mais aussi al. 2011). To eliminate water damage i shielded the brand new vent with a waterproof silicone polymer sealer and you will a little strip off vinyl recording (Guthrie mais aussi al. 2011). One another types of transmitters weighed less than the recommended maximum off 3% away from adult lady lbs (Millsp). Having identity aim each chicken is actually installing which have a numbered aluminium butt-stop toes ring. We plus grabbed bloodstream trials out-of for each bird making numerous morphological specifications (length of tarsus, side, mustache and you will end).